Take Your Public Speaking from Good to Great with These 4 Tips
Growing up, I loved public speaking, and I even won a couple of speaking competitions. But if you’d told me then that one day I’d be a professional speaker, I would have said, “That’s crazy talk!” Here we are now, decades later, and I’m blessed to speak on leadership, inclusion, authenticity, and empowerment for a living.
To get this to this place—I’ve now presented more than 800 times to organizations around the world—I’ve had great mentorship. I’ve also worked hard to develop specific practices that enable me to command attention onstage, and to deliver content as effectively as possible.
Below are a few nuggets that I’ve learned along my journey that, if practiced, will help you become a better public speaker. Whether you’re presenting in a boardroom, classroom, conference room, or theater, paying attention to these elements will help you better connect with your audience, look polished and professional, and communicate your ideas in an engaging and effective way.
1. Body Positioning is Everything
Body positioning isn’t something I considered when I first started presenting—but I know now that it’s critical. This first became clear to me when I did my yoga teacher training. We were taught, in the context of becoming skilled yoga teachers, how to move our energy throughout the room while teaching. Essentially, where you place your body in relation to the audience has a huge impact on how you are received.
There are a few key ways I ensure that my body positioning is optimal. The basic rules are to always stand (never sit) and avoid standing behind a podium. I always make sure there isn't anything physically placed between me and the audience. Next, think about proximity. I always place myself as close as possible to the audience. This means standing towards the front of the stage or walking as close to the front row of the audience as possible.
I’m also what I call a “mover and shaker” onstage. This means that I move around a lot—I pace slowly across the stage or the front of the room throughout my presentations. It may drive videographers crazy, but it’s effective for commanding attention and keeping the audience engaged—and it helps to move my energy through the room, just like the yogis advise.
2. Body Language is Important, Too
Your body is a vessel for your message, so it’s important to take body language into account. While tall, I’m still petite, so I need to make an effort to ensure that my physical presence is felt in the room. To do this, and to ground myself onstage, I call on a favorite yoga pose (which also happens to be a power pose!), tadasana (mountain pose). This pose, which involves rooting through the feet, straightening the spine, and lifting through the crown of the head, also helps me to naturally deepen my breath and improve my posture, presence, and comfort in front of the crowd. (For more on how to use power poses for better presence, watch Amy Cuddy’s legendary TED Talk.)
I’m also big on talking with my hands. Being animated in my gestures—with my fingers, hands, arms, legs, you name it—and facial expressions creates interest for the audience and can help underline content. For example, I use non-verbal communication to emphasize words, highlight lists, draw attention to particular points, or to add humor—especially when I’m telling a story. In all my years of speaking, I’ve never been told that I’m not engaging, and I credit this to my lively stage presence.
Watching a presentation is, in the end, a visual experience, so next time you present, think about how you can leverage power poses and non-verbal communication to improve your presence onstage.
3. Be Mindful of Your Voice
I’ve learned to play with the elements of my voice—including pitch, tone, volume, and speed—to add variety to my presentations, and I love doing this as a way to shake things up. When you skillfully vary these elements, it makes your presentation more engaging. This is a strategy that people rarely talk about, but it’s actually quite powerful.
Volume is fundamental. Vary your volume throughout your talk, but ensure that you’re loud enough to command attention and be heard. Breathing deeply will help with volume—and with projecting, intonating well, and speaking smoothly. When you’re not breathing deeply, your words can sound slurred or muffled. As a fast-talker, I know it can be hard to slow down your speech, but varying your pace is important too.
When it comes to the words you use, ensure that you vary your language to avoid sounding repetitive. Also, nerves or lack of practice can lead to using a lot of “filler” words like “um” and uh” when you speak, which is something to avoid. As with all of the voice-related strategies, and you can train yourself on this over time.
4. Use Notes Strategically
Even though I know my content inside out, I always bring notes with me. It can be distracting (and, frankly, look sloppy) to bring full-sized pages with you onstage, so I’ve developed a trick: I have my notes printed out on single sided, half-page paper, and I leave them on a podium or table. Then I can glance at them if needed while I’m speaking.
Rather than printing out my whole talk, I type out my notes in bullet point form—capturing the flow of ideas, concepts, and sound bites I’ll be covering. Having this framework handy helps me to stay on track, especially when I am time-limited.
One warning here: Don’t script your whole talk. If you memorize it word for word, it will sound mechanical when it comes time to deliver it for real. Rather, practice explaining your concepts and ideas a few times in natural language.
Go Forth and Practice!
Now that you know a few of the tricks, it’s time for the hard part—practice. I can’t emphasize the importance of it enough. Practice helps your ideas make their way into your unconscious brain, which in turn makes them easier to recall under pressure and stress. Ultimately, practice and experience are the ingredients that separate a good presentation from a great one. Now is as good a time as any to begin.